Updated: Oct 21
The International Criminal Court (ICC) have enough evidence since 2014 to make #Russia responsible for committing #warcrimes and #crimesagainsthumanity. The declarations were filed when Russia along with the terrorist organisations of #Donetsk People's Republic and #Luhansk People's Republic unleashed international crimes during the annexation of the #Crimea peninsula.
There is another section called crimes of aggression. This means the invasion or attack by the armed forces of a state of the territory of another state, or any military occupation, however temporary, resulting from such invasion or attack, or any annexation by the use of the force of the territory of another State.
Unfortunately, the ICC will not be able to initiate an investigation into it as in this case, both parties, that is Russia and #Ukraine need to have accepted the jurisdiction of ICC, which Russia has failed to do.
The international crimes committed by the senior Russian officials and the members of the #terrorist organisation includes willful murder/killing, torture, sexual violence, forcible disappearance of people, deprivation of personal liberty, killing civilians, and intentionally launching attacks on civilians’ infrastructure.
As of 26 February 2022, Ukraine has also approached the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at The Hague against Russia to fulfill the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crimes of #Genocide, 1949, (Genocide Convention) under Article 41.
Both Ukraine and Russia are a party to the Genocide Convention. On 24 February 2022, the Russian Federation declared a special military operation in the breakaway regions of DPR and LPR. The military operation was launched on the grounds that Ukraine has been committing genocide in these self-proclaimed republics.
However, in this case too it is difficult to justify the unprovoked war of aggression however, Russia is in breach of Article 2(4) of the UN Charter which prohibits the use of force unless there is an inherent right of self-defence.