Bosnian art and culture

Bosnia and Herzegovina is the most multiethnic country of the former Yugoslav nations. Today, many individuals generally understand themselves as belonging to specific nationhood (narod) or ethnoreligious group (Naija). The three main groups are Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats. Further minority ethnicities such as Roma Muslims and Bosnian Jews (which are not constitutionally recognised and are excluded legally from the political process).


50.70% of Bosnians identified as Muslim, 30.75% identified as Orthodox Christians, and 15.19% identified as Roman Catholic Christians. A further 2.25% identified with some other religious affiliation (including Judaism, atheism and agnosticism).


Bosnians have traditionally been very tolerant and accepting of religious differences; Muslims and Christians coexisted relatively harmoniously for centuries. However, faith was used as a divisive tool for inciting violence during the war. Nevertheless, most Bosnians are still open-minded. It remains common for Muslims to visit Christian neighbours on Christmas, and vice versa during Ramadan.


Among Bosnia and Herzegovina's folklore, there's Kolo, a traditional collective folk dance that involves all members of the local community.


Dancers perform by forming a chain, usually moving in a circular line holding hands. I dance has an important integrative social function, nurturing collective identities at different levels in the communities.

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